Eating fresh eggs and chicken meat grown in our own yard every day – more and more people are thinking about raising chickens to provide their family with such nutritional conditions. Achieving high poultry productivity is impossible without observing the requirements for drinking and feeding chickens. There should always be clean drinking water in the cage or house. The most convenient to use are homemade automatic chicken waterers or purchased at a store.
The rate of water that a chicken should consume depends on many factors: the temperature of the air, the age of the bird, and the feed consumed. On average, each individual should drink at least half a liter of water to exclude the possibility of dehydration.
Chicken Waterer Requirements
A quality drinker for laying hens or broilers must meet certain requirements:
- Ease of use. The tank used for watering birds should be easily filled, if possible automatically from the water supply. Replacing water should also not be a problem for poultry farmers.
- Stability and durability. Drinking bowls located in cages and houses should be strong enough to withstand possible attacks of birds. An inverted or broken drinker will not only lead to excessive dampness, but it will also leave the entire population of chickens without water.
- Ensuring the purity of water. Pure water is the key to bird health. In open containers, various microorganisms, which can be carriers of infections, start up faster. Chickens can bathe in water or contaminate it with their droppings. Therefore, the main capacity of the drinking bowl should be as isolated as possible from external influences.
- Security. It is desirable that drinking bowls were made of high-quality plastic. Capacities made from metal, when interacting with certain medications, can release harmful chemical compounds. In homemade chicken drinkers, all edges must be carefully crafted so that the birds do not get hurt.
The whole variety of drinking bowls for birds can be divided into the following groups:
- simple drinking containers.
Enamelled and galvanized pots and buckets, or plastic bowls, are usually used as the simplest drinkers.
True, such tanks have a whole bunch of disadvantages. Firstly, the water will have to be changed several times a day, because it will be contaminated with chicken droppings and garbage. Secondly, sitting on a bucket or basin, the chicken can easily tip them over.
It is advisable to use small open water bowls only for drinking chickens, but watch carefully so that the water does not spill out. Wet chicks may become cold and die.
For a small number of chickens (about a dozen) it is beneficial to use a siphon drinker. It consists of a glass with a siphon system and a tray where water enters. Siphon drinkers can be floor, mounted and leg-mounted.
A very similar design has a vacuum drinking bowl. The water level in the pan will replenish as it empties. Atmospheric pressure will prevent liquid from pouring out of the glass. An important condition for the operation of the vacuum drinking bowl is that the water level in the pan should be above the lower edge of the water tank.
A cup or nipple drinker for chickens will help automate the process of distributing water to the chicken coop. The first is a small container connected via a hose to a tank of water or water supply. Water is supplied through a hose to a bowl, which drops down under the pressure of water and closes the hole.
Nipple drinking systems are very popular among US poultry farmers. It is convenient to use such a drinking bowl for both chicks and adult birds. For chickens and broilers put nipples that open from movement in any direction, and nipples for laying hens react only to the movement of the pin up and down. For more economical water consumption, drop eliminators are installed under the nipples.