In fact, the difficulty of breeding turkeys is in most cases exaggerated. If you observe all the subtleties of growing small turkey poults and know the conditions in which turkeys like to live, keeping this bird will not cause you any particular problems.
DISTINCTIVE FEATURES OF TURKEY CONTENT
Having listened to many flattering reviews about turkey meat and its benefits, many farmers are wondering if they should raise this large poultry. We managed to cope with chickens, with geese too – which means that there should not be any special problems with turkeys. Is it so?
In many ways, the conditions for keeping turkeys are similar to the contents of another poultry, there are only some features that must be taken into account in order to achieve an excellent result and get enough eggs, fluff and meat from these birds.
A close dark shed for keeping turkeys will not work – make sure that the house is spacious enough for free bird walks. Walking turkeys is simply necessary because of the high tendency to obesity. It is recommended that you calculate the area of the house so that each bird has about one and a half square meters of floor.
The room for the birds must be dry, warm, light (the dark room of the turkeys is depressing) and ventilated, but do not allow drafts, because of which the turkeys can easily catch a cold. This is especially true for small turkey poults – from dampness and cold age they can die a whole brood.
The maintenance of turkeys in winter is complicated only by the fact that the birds will need to be protected from sharp temperature fluctuations and at the same time from time to time to air the room, preferably in warm, calm weather. Try to maintain a temperature of +20 degrees in the house in the summer and -5 degrees in the winter. Turkeys easily tolerate frosts only up to -15-20 degrees, but turkeys are carried best when the temperature in the house is +5 degrees.
Together with chickens and other poultry, the maintenance of turkeys and small turkey poults is categorically not recommended, otherwise they will easily become infected with unpleasant diseases that can be fatal to a susceptible organism of turkeys.
Another distinguishing feature of keeping turkeys is that they like to fly higher and relax on the roof of a barn or garage. In addition, in the summer they like to feed on fresh herbs on pastures.
FEATURES OF CARING FOR TURKEYS
Unlike chickens, turkeys require a higher indoor temperature in the first days of life (if they are not raised under a brood), special feeding and great care. Features of growing turkey poults are covered in a separate article on our website.
Turkeys from the rest of the poultry differ sharply expressed instinct of a brood hen. Under natural conditions, this quality was necessary for the survival of turkey poults, but with domestic breeding of turkeys it only interferes – the turkey carries fewer eggs, refuses food and rapidly loses weight. Farmers have to take special measures to force the hen to leave the nest:
- send bright light to the nest;
- plant an active male in a turkey;
- lower the temperature;
- remove the turkey from the nest and send it for walking.
Proper care of turkeys necessarily includes a special diet in accordance with the age of the turkeys. Feeding turkeys is different from feeding the rest of poultry. For example, turkeys require a large number of animal proteins during growth, and to ensure good egg production of turkeys, it is necessary to ensure that a sufficient amount of vitamins enters their body with food.
Much depends on how to care for turkeys, how to feed them, in what conditions they are: the palatability of meat, egg production and the quality of eggs, the health of adult turkeys and small turkeys. If you follow the general rules for keeping turkeys, you will easily succeed in breeding them.